Chapter 15: Genes and How They Work

Critical to Know

Central Dogma DNA -----> RNA ----> Protein

Must Know

Ribosome
Kinds of RNA: ribosomal RNA (rRNA)

transfer RNA (tRNA)
messenger RNA (mRNA)

Transcription
RNA polymerase
Translation
Codons (triplet code)
(It is NOT necessary to memorize the triplet codes
and the amino acids they code for)
(It is NOT necessary to learn the details of how
genes are transcribed and translated)

Introns
Exons
(It is NOT necessary to know the details of how
splicing occurs)
Learn the differences between prokaryotic and
Eukaryotic gene expression.

Instructors: Professor Clyde Herreid: herreid@buffalo.edu
and Professor Chuck Fourtner: fourtner@buffalo.edu
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